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abstract

Importance of old bulls: leaders and followers in collective movements of all-male groups in African savannah elephants (Loxodonta africana)

2020-09-03 - Exeter, United Kingdom. Connie R. B. Allen, Lauren J. N. Brent, Thatayaone Motsentwa, Michael N. Weiss & Darren P. Croft

By analysing leadership patterns of all-male African savannah elephant traveling groups along elephant pathways in Makgadikgadi Pans National Park, Botswana, we found that the oldest males were more likely to lead collective movements. Our results challenge the assumption that older male elephants are redundant in the population and raise concerns over the biased removal of old bulls that currently occurs in both legal trophy hunting and illegal poaching.


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abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Wild Asian Elephants, Southern India

2017-02-22 - Trichur, India.

We tested 3 wild Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in southern India and confirmed infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an obligate human pathogen, by PCR and genetic sequencing. Our results indicate that tuberculosis may be spilling over from humans (reverse zoonosis) and emerging in wild elephants.


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abstract

Rapid screening for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in clinical elephant trunk wash samples.

2017-01-28 - , United States. Magnuson RJ1, Linke LM2, Isaza R3, Salman MD2.

Ninety-nine clinical trunk wash samples obtained from 33 elephants were utilized to validate three molecular extraction techniques followed by a polymerase chain reaction for detection of M. tuberculosis. Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were estimated compared to culture. Kappa coefficients were determined between molecular results and various culture categories and serological test results.


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abstract

Hereditary Factor VII Deficiency in the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Caused by a F7 Missense Mutation.

2017-01-24 - Pennsylvania, United States. Lynch M1, McGrath K2, Raj K3, McLaren P4, Payne K5, McCoy R4, Giger U3.

A wild-caught, 41-yr-old male Asian elephant ( Elephas maximus ) without an apparent increased bleeding tendency was consistently found to have prolonged prothrombin times (PTs, mean = 55±35 s) compared to 17 other elephants (PT=10±2 s). This elephant´s partial thromboplastin times (PTT) fell within the normal range of the other elephants (12-30 s). A prolonged PT in the presence of a normal PTT suggests disruption of the extrinsic pathway via deficiency of coagulation factor VII (FV...


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abstract

How elephants beat cancer

2016-10-31 - New Haven, United States. Gaughran SJ, Pless E, Stearns SC. Yale University

Elephants have significantly reduced their risk of cancer by duplicating an important gene called TP53.


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abstract

Behavioral changes in female Asian elephants when given access to an outdoor yard overnight.

2016-04-29 - New York, United States. Powell DM, Vitale C.

A study was conducted at the Bronx Zoo to determine whether providing elephants with access to an outdoor corral at night had any significant effects on behavior, use of space, and use of a sand corral. Activity budgets for three female Asian elephants were compared when the subjects were housed indoors overnight and when they were given access to an outdoor yard overnight. Observations were recorded via infrared video cameras between the hours of 1900 and 0700 during the months of July-Septembe...


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abstract

Blood Compatibility Testing in Asian Elephants Using an Indirect Antiglobulin Technique to Improve Captive Breeding Success. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances

2015-11-17 - Chiang Mai, Thailand. Pakkanut Bansiddhi, Preeyanat Vongchan, Achiraya Satityuenyong, Khajohnpat Boonprasert, Sittidet Mahasawangkul, Ronnachit Roongsri, Janine L. Brown and Chatchote Thitaram

The aim of this study was to examine blood compatibility in Asian elephants using the indirect antiglobulin technique, for use as a breeding management tool to reduce the risk of elephant fetal loss. Forty-four blood samples collected from 22 female and 22 male elephants were subjected to standard tube cross-matching tests and examined for macroscopic and microscopic agglutination reactions.


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abstract

First Fatality Associated with Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus 5 in an Asian Elephant: Pathological Findings and Complete Viral Genome Sequence

2014-09-10 - , United States. Wilkie, Davison, Kerr, Stidworthy, Redrobe, Steinbach, Dastjerdi, Denk

Here, we report the pathological characteristics of the first fatality linked to EEHV5 infection, and describe the complete viral DNA sequence. Gross post-mortem and histological findings were indistinguishable from lethal cases previously attributed to other EEHV genotypes, and the presence of characteristic herpesviral inclusions in capillary endothelial cells at several sites was consistent with the diagnosis of acute EEHV infection.


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abstract

DETECTION OF ELEPHANT ENDOTHELIOTROPIC HERPESVIRUS INFECTION AMONG HEALTHY ASIAN ELEPHANTS (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) IN SOUTH INDIA.

2014-01-31 - Bethesda, United States. Stanton JJ, Nofs SA, Zachariah A, Kalaivannan N, Ling PD.

We used previously validated EEHV-specific quantitative real-time PCR assays to detect subclinical EEHV infection in three regionally distinct Asian elephant cohorts, totaling 46 in situ elephants in South India, during October and November 2011. Using DNA prepared from trunk washes, we detected EEHV1, EEHV3/4, and EEHV5 at frequencies of 7, 9, and 20% respectively. None of the trunk washes was positive for EEHV2 or 6. At least one EEHV species was detectable in 35% (16/46) of the samples that w...


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abstract

Albuquerque zoo"s elephant herd to expand

2013-08-10 - Albuquerque, United States.

Zookeepers say blood tests indicate that Rozie the elephant´s calf will likely be a girl. The window for her giving birth is between August and November, but keepers suspect the calf may come in mid-September. The BioPark´s elephant manager, Rhonda Saiers, says the zoo is excited about the potential of adding another female to the multigenerational herd. Still, there´s a chance the gender test could be wrong.


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ELEPHANT NEWS was created on 2001 in Munich, and relaunched in Phnom Penh in 2020, with almost 8 000 links to news articles about elephants on the Internet

A number of articles now also have a cross reference to the elephant database, either for individuals elephants and/or to an article about the location holding

In the right column, you can also see if an elephant has birthday today, and follow the link to more facts!

relocation

NEW ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM IN WINSTON

2021-09-16 - Winston, United Kingdom. Brooke Communications

43-year old African elephant Butch, who is over ten-foot-tall, is the newest animal to call the game park in Winston home. Marketing Director Jacob Schlueter said Butch came from another facility wher...


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Extern Link Read about Butch (Mickey) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Winston Wildlife Safari in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
zoo
Ishini Wickremesinghe is the daughter of Shan Wickramasinghe, the brother of former Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe

Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens DG resigned over elephant issue: Union

2021-09-09 - Colombo, Sri Lanka. Pamodi Waravita and Ruwani Fonseka

The Sri Lanka Podujana National Zoological Gardens Department Workers’ Union yesterday (9) claimed that National Zoological Gardens Department Director General (DG) Ishini Wickremesinghe has resigne...


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Ishini Wickremesinghe resigns as National Zoo DG
relocation

South Georgia elephant sanctuary welcomes first resident

2021-09-09 - Attapulgus, United States.

Elephant Refuge North America, an 850-acre natural habitat located in Attapulgus, Georgia, plans to accept its first resident later this month. Bo, a 34-year-old male elephant, is being released by th...


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Extern Link Read about Bo (Joe, Kalanan) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about George Carden Circus International in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)

Extern relevant Links (external link which opens in new window):
Elephant Refuge North America (ERNA, Carol Buckley)
birth

Twin elephant calves born at Pinnawala

2021-08-31 - Kegalle, Sri Lanka.

For the first time in Sri Lanka's history, twin baby elephants have been born at the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage. The twin calves were born to female elephant named 'Surangi'. Both calves are male. T...


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Extern Link Read about Surangie (Suranganee) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Pinnawala elephant orphanage in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
welfare
A Sri Lankan Buddhist monk anoints a temple elephant as a part ritual marking the New Year as per traditions at a temple in Colombo on April 17, 2021.

Sri Lanka prohibits handlers from drunk driving on elephants, bans putting baby elephants to work

2021-08-23 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Under the new regulations, logging elephants can only work up to four hours a day, while working at night is forbidden. They are also entitled to at least two-and-a-half hours of bathing time each day...


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conservation

Adult tuskers fast disappearing in Odisha: Male elephants account for 18% of total population

2021-08-14 - Bhubaneswar, India.

With the large scale poaching of tuskers over the years, the gender imbalance is fast emerging as a major threat to the elephant population growth in Odisha with the drastic drop in the numbers of adu...


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medical

‘We are hopeful’: Cora the elephant’s health is improving after end-of-life options considered

2021-08-13 - Topeka, United States.

Cora the elephant is improving after concerns over her health had the Topeka Zoo considering end-of-life options. Shanna Simpson, an animal curator at the zoo, said Cora wasn’t eating, had a lot of ...


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Extern Link Read about Cora in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Topeka Zoo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
conflict

Human-elephant conflict continues to take heavy toll; 219 jumbos and 89 people so far this year

2021-08-12 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

The Department of Wildlife Conservation has recorded 219 jumbo deaths up to August 11 this year mainly from human-elephant conflict. During the same period, 89 people were killed in elephant attacks. ...


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medical

Another jumbo dies of anthrax in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve?

2021-08-12 - COIMBATORE, India.

An elephant, which was found dead at Mangalapatti near Thengumaradha in Nilgiris district.on Tuesday, may have died of anthrax, according to the forest department.


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conservation

Scientific approach, local involvement must for conservation: Minister

2021-08-12 - New Delhi, India.

Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Bhupender Yadav on Thursday said that nature conservation should be taken up with a scientific approach involving the local commun...


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Facts about elephants in India
event

Hyderabad: Elephant from Kolhapur to carry Bibi ka Alam

2021-08-12 - Hyderabad, India.

An elephant, Madhuri aged 38 years from Kolhapur will be used to carry the Bibi ka Alam standard during the procession on the 10 of Muharram month scheduled next Friday. The costs involved in bringing...


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Extern Link Read about Madhuri in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Swastishri Jinsen Bhattarak Pattachary Mahaswamy in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
medical

Wild elephant tests positive for herpes virus in Odisha forest

2021-08-11 - Bhubaneswar, India.

In 2019, five elephants had died within 33 days in Odisha after testing positive for herpes


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wild
Apparently proving the saying that old habits die hard, Rivaldo, an elephant recently released into the wild in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR) in Nilgiris district returned to Mavanallah near his old habitat.

Elephant Rivaldo released into Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, returns to village

2021-08-06 - Udhagamandalam, India.

The villagers reportedly noticed Rivaldo moving around their area in the wee hours of Wednesday, about 40 kms from the camp and alerted the forest department officials.Though the elephant was radio-co...


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Extern Link Read about Rivaldo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Mudumalai National Park in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
death
Maggie

Maggie the elephant, longtime former resident of the Alaska Zoo, has died

2021-08-05 - Anchorage, United States.

Maggie, an African elephant that lived at the Alaska Zoo for 24 years, has died at a wildlife sanctuary in California. She was 41 years old. Maggie died at the Performing Animal Welfare Society wildli...


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Extern Link Read about Maggie in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about ARK 2000 (PAWS) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)

Extern relevant Links (external link which opens in new window):
Alaska Zoo
relocation

TN forest dept may release more camp elephants depending on success of Rivaldo"s rehabilitation

2021-08-03 - Chennai, India.

In a 10-hour operation, the iconic tusker Rivaldo, which was captured and put inside a kraal for nearly three months, was successfully released in Chikala in Theppakadu forest range of Mudumalai Tiger...


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Extern Link Read about Rivaldo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Mudumalai National Park in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
medical

OKC ZOO’S YOUNG ASIAN ELEPHANT, KAIRAVI, TESTS POSITIVE FOR EEHV

2021-07-31 - Oklahoma City, United States.

The Oklahoma City Zoo and Botanical Garden’s dedicated animal and veterinary care teams have begun to treat its youngest Asian elephant, female Kairavi (Kai), 2, for elephant endotheliotropic herpes...


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Extern Link Read about Kairavi in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Oklahoma City Zoo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
book

Battle for the Big Top: P.T. Barnum, James Bailey, John Ringling, and the Death-Defying Saga of the American Circus by Les Standiford

2021-07-30 - Miami, United States.

In Battle for the Big Top, New York Times–bestselling author Les Standiford brings to life a remarkable era when three circus kings—James Bailey, P. T. Barnum, and John Ringling—all vied for con...


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Extern Link Read about Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
medical

Elephant of Guruvayur Anakotta suffers mysterious burn injuries on body

2021-07-28 - Thrissur, India.

The 28-year-old elephant Keerthi of Anakotta (elephant camp) in Guruvayur was found with burn injuries on his head and neck. Injuries on the upper parts of the body remains a mystery to the authoritie...


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Extern Link Read about Keerthi in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Guruvayur Devaswom elephant camp in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
birth

African Elephant Born at the Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium’s International Conservation Center

2021-07-28 - Pittsburgh, United States.

It’s a girl! An African elephant calf was born in the early morning hours of July 18th at the Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium’s International Conservation Center (ICC) in Somerset, PA. Both mother a...


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Extern Link Read about notnamed in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
wild

Elephant calf stuck inside septic tank rescued by forest department in Karnataka

2021-07-27 - MADIKERI, India.

The Mathigodu Camp elephant Kunthi was called in for the rescue mission. A rope was tied around the neck of the calf and it was pulled out by Kunthi. We are tracking the herd across Devarapura Sacred ...


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Extern Link Read about Kunthi in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Mathigodu elephant Camp in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)


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