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birth

Newborn elephant at Vienna Zoo

2013-09-05 - Vienna, Austria. Harald Schwammer, Vienna Zoo

This is the first calf which was sired through artificial insemination with frozen sperm and its father is a wild elephant bull at Phinda Reserve in Africa. Through a novel technique which was developed by a team from Berlin’s Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research the sperm gained in the bush was frozen and successfully thawed.


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research
African elephants (shown here in Amboseli National Park) can send long-distance, low-frequency messages that depend on vocal mechanisms that are more like people singing than like cats purring.

How the elephant gets its infrasound. Blowing air through a pachyderm’s larynx offers hints to low-frequency communication

2012-08-03 - Vienna, Austria.

Elephants don’t purr so much as sing when they unleash low-frequency rumblings at friends and foes kilometers away. Too low for humans to hear, the infrasonic components of elephants’ calls have at times been attributed to a process similar to a cat’s contented thrum. But new measurements made by blowing air through the voice box, or larynx, of a deceased zoo elephant suggest that the mechanism is actually a (much bigger) analog to a person speaking or singing.


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zoo

Schönbrunn Christmas tree provides new year menu for the zoo

2012-01-11 - Vienna, Austria.

The 16.5 metre high Christmas tree which has stood proudly in front of Schloß Schönbrunn in Vienna, Austria, over the Christmas period, is to be taken down today (Tues) and turned into animal feed. "The tree serves as not only food for the elephants but also as a toy," said Zoo director, Harald Schwanner, who has watched the animals play with the shredded tree in previous years.


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workshop

Elephant-Keeper meeting and Protected Contact Training Workshop

2011-12-01 - Vienna, Austria.

This course is organized as a workshop and will be basically in English language but main parts of the presentations and live performances will be provided in English and German. The Workshop is turned specifically to elephant keepers but also veterinarians and curators. The program includes theory - and a lot of practical parts and deals with various topics related to advanced protected contact methods. Beneath preparation for birth, foot care and enrichment there is a special part of the works...


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misc
Photo © Jutta Kirchner

Vienna Zoo elephant calf to be named Tuluba

2010-08-16 - Vienna, Austria.

The Vienna Zoo’s new male elephant calf born on 6 August will be named Tuluba, the zoo announced today. Some 61.4 per cent of the 10,000 voters on the internet chose the name, which means "big ears." Zoo Director Dagmar Schratter said: "Tuluba was my favourite since it is a very melodic name.


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pictures

African elephant Numbi and her newborn son (6.8.2010) from Tiergarten Schönbrunn Vienna

2010-08-11 - Vienna, Austria. Jutta Kirchner

Photographer Jutta Kirchner has portrayed the first day of public display of the new born african elephant in the oldest Zoo in the world, Tiergarten Schönbrunn in Vienna.


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misc

Tusker Packs Trunk

2010-08-09 - Vienna, Austria.

This tinky tusker has caused big trouble for zoo bosses in Austria - where his five year old big brother has been forced to pack his trunk to make way for him. The five week old male African elephant - as yet unnamed by keepers - was expected to be a girl and join the herd at Vienna´s Schoenbrunn Zoo. But because he´s a boy, his big brother Kibo - born to the same mum Numbi five years ago - has to be sent to another zoo to avoid causing conflict in the colony.


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birth

African elephant baby born in Schoenbrunn Zoo in Vienna

2010-08-06 - Vienna, Austria.

The as yet unnamed baby elephant was born this morning at Schoenbrunn Zoo in Vienna, Austria and weigh in at 112 kilos. The mother Numbi already had a baby 5 years ago, Kibo, who lives also in Schönnbrunn and will be a play mate for the new baby, said Zoo director Dagmar Schratter.


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misc

Elephants at Austrian zoo get to play with used Christmas trees

2010-01-14 - Vienna, Austria.

Elephants at Vienna's city zoo got a rare treat Monday: a Christmas tree. The 65-foot-tall spruce Christmas tree in front of Vienna's Schoenbrunn Palace was given to the zoo animals. The tree was taken down that morning and will be used as feed and toys for the elephants. This isn't the only creative way the Austrians are recycling their Christmas trees. Last week, Vienna city officials announced that the 88-foot-tall Christmas tree on the square in front of Vienna's city hall would be made into...


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relocation
Photo: Jutta Kirchner, Vienna, Austria

Elephant bull Pambo has been moved from Venna Zoo to spanish safaripark Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno

2009-10-27 - Vienna, Austria.

The 17 year old bull Pambo, born in Basel Zoo in Switzerland, has been transfered from Vienna Zoo to spanish safaripark Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno, as breeder for the group of females there. Next spring Vienna will recieve a female with calf from Wuppertal Zoo in Germany


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abstract

Articular cartilage in the knee joint of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana, Blumenbach 1797.

2008-01-01 - Vienna, Austria. Egger GF, Witter K, Weissengruber G, Forstenpointner G. University of Veterinary Medicine

Knee joints of one adult and three juvenile African elephants were dissected. The specific features of the articular cartilage with particular reference to matrix components were studied by light and electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. The elephant knee joint cartilage contains an unusually low concentration of proteoglycans resulting in rather eosinophilic staining properties of the matrix. The very thick collagen fibers of the cartilage possibly represent collagen I.


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conference
Natural History Museum in Vienna

2007 Annual meeting for International Committee for museums and collections of natural history

2007-08-20 - Vienna, Austria. Brigitta Schmid

Bernd Lötsch, the director general, and my team are looking forward to welcoming you at the Natural History Museum in Vienna. You will get the first Newsletter from ICOM-Austria in autumn. However, we succeeded in making some special arrangements for the members of ICOM-NATHIST, therefore an early information may be useful in advance.


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conference
International Conference on Environmental Enrichment

8th International Conference on Environmental Enrichment

2007-08-05 - Vienna, Austria.

The ICEE is a meeting for the exchange of ideas about both theoretical and applied research on enrichment for animals under human care. The conference is held every two years in internationally diverse locations. Deadline for the receipt of abstracts for paper, poster and video submissions is March 1, 2007. Authors will be notified of the results of the review process by April 1, 2007.


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pictures

Loxodonta africana - African elephant

2007-06-18 - Vienna, Austria. Nicole Weissenböck

Thermogram of the front surface of the right pinna, 30 days after the injury. A regular medical evidence of the ear. The wound is healed.


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abstract

Call repertoire of infant African elephants: first insights into the early vocal ontogeny.

2007-06-01 - Vienna, Austria. AS Stoeger-Horwath, S Stoeger, HM Schwammer, and H Kratochvil

African savannah elephants (Loxodonta africana) have a complex acoustic communication system, but very little is known about their vocal ontogeny. A first approach in ontogenetic studies is to define the call repertoire of specific age groups. Twelve hundred calls of 11 infant elephants from neonatal to 18 months of age recorded at the Vienna Zoo in Austria and at the Daphne Sheldrick's orphanage at the Nairobi National Park, Kenya were analyzed. Six call types were structurally distinguished: t...


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abstract

Renaut bodies in nerves of the trunk of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana.

2007-03-27 - Vienna, Austria. Witter K, Egger GF, Boeck P. University of Veterinary Medicine

Samples of the trunk wall of an adult African elephant (Loxodonta africana) were examined histologically using conventional staining methods, immunohistochemistry, and lectin histochemistry. Architecture of nerve plexuses and occurrence of Renaut bodies in the elephant trunk were compared with those in tissues surrounding the nasal vestibule of the pig. Prominent nerve plexuses were found in all layers of the elephant trunk.


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abstract

The structure of the cushions in the feet of African elephants (Loxodonta africana).

2006-12-20 - Vienna, Austria. Weissengruber GE, Egger GF, Hutchinson JR, Groenewald HB, Elsässer L, Famini D, Forstenpointner G. Veterinary University of Vienna

The cushions in the feet of African elephants were examined by means of standard anatomical and histological techniques, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The micromorphology of elephant feet cushions resembles that of digital cushions in cattle or of the foot pads in humans but not that of digital cushions in horses. Besides their important mechanical properties, foot cushions in elephants seem to be very sensitive structures.


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abstract

The structure of the cushions in the feet of African elephants (Loxodonta africana)

2006-11-23 - Vienna, Austria. Weissengruber GE, Egger GF, Hutchinson JR, Groenewald HB, Elsasser L, Famini D, Forstenpointner G.Department of Pathobiology, Veterinary University of Vienna

The uniquely designed limbs of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana, support the weight of the largest terrestrial animal. The micromorphology of elephant feet cushions resembles that of digital cushions in cattle or of the foot pads in humans but not that of digital cushions in horses. Besides their important mechanical properties, foot cushions in elephants seem to be very sensitive structures.


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fossil
two bodies that might be twins were buried together in red pigment.

Stone Age Neanderthals Twins Discovered Buried Under Mammoths Shoulder Blade

2006-11-15 - Vienna, Austria. JR Minkel

Researchers have unearthed the graves of three Stone Age infants that may ultimately bear on the question of whether humans interbred with Neandertals. The rare find, from a 27,000-year-old site in Austria, includes two bodies that might be twins sheltered under a mammoth's shoulder blade. The twins had been protected from the elements by the mammoth bone and were very well preserved, says team member Christine Neugebauer-Maresch of the Prehistoric Commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences ...


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relocation
Abu and Sabi in Vienna Zoo 2006

Vienna: elephant bull Abu and mother Sabi to Halle Zoo in Germany

2006-07-21 - Vienna, Austria. Vienna Zoo Press release

The 5-year old Abu, born with artificial insemination in Vienna Zoo, and his mother Sabi, owned by Munich Zoo but living in Vienna since 1992, arrived early morning the 20th in Halle Zoo in German Sachsen-Anhalt, after a nightly transport performed by the company Interzoo.


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accident

Viennese elephant house in mourning after casualty

2005-02-21 - Vienna, Austria. Press-information, Vienna Zoo

Yesterday, on Sunday Feb. 20th, 2005 around 10.40 am the head keeper of the elephant house, 39 year old Gerd Kohl was attacked and deadly injured by the young elephant bull “Abu”. Gerd Kohl was considered one of the most experienced elephant keepers in Europe and therefore was also the one who took care of and trained the 4 year old Abu (born on April 25, 2001) in Schoenbrunn.

The accident occurred during the daily morning shower of the elephants. Unforeseeably, the 1.6-ton-e...


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accident
Elephant keeper Gerd Kohl and Abu

Elephant bull Abu impales Zookeeper Gerd Kohl in Vienna Zoo

2005-02-20 - Vienna, Austria. AP

An elephant crushed a keeper to death Sunday at the Vienna Zoo, police said. Zookeeper Gerhard Kohl, 39, was killed after he had showered the elephant, Abu, as part of the morning routine, the Austria Press Agency said, citing veterinarian Thomas Voracek. The elephant, an almost 4-year-old bull, pinned Kohl to the wall and speared him with his tusks, APA reported.


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death

Elephant Jumbo in Vienna Zoo dead

2005-02-13 - Vienna, Austria. Tiergarten Schönbrunn

The female africant Jumbo in Vienna Zoo is dead. When the elephant keepers came for work in the morning, she was dead.

During the nights, the elephants are filmed on video, and the vido shows that the rest of the elephant herd tried without success, to push Jumbos 3.5 ton heavy body up, but she died in the early morning due to circulation problems and general weakness.


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23 Headlines about Elephants from Austria2013-09-05 - Vienna, Austria - Newborn elephant at Vienna Zoo 2012-08-03 - Vienna, Austria - How the elephant gets its infrasound. Blowing air through a pachyderm’s larynx offers hints to low-frequency communication 2012-01-11 - Vienna, Austria - Schönbrunn Christmas tree provides new year menu for the zoo 2011-12-01 - Vienna, Austria - Elephant-Keeper meeting and Protected Contact Training Workshop 2010-08-16 - Vienna, Austria - Vienna Zoo elephant calf to be named Tuluba 2010-08-11 - Vienna, Austria - African elephant Numbi and her newborn son (6.8.2010) from Tiergarten Schönbrunn Vienna 2010-08-09 - Vienna, Austria - Tusker Packs Trunk 2010-08-06 - Vienna, Austria - African elephant baby born in Schoenbrunn Zoo in Vienna 2010-01-14 - Vienna, Austria - Elephants at Austrian zoo get to play with used Christmas trees 2009-10-27 - Vienna, Austria - Elephant bull Pambo has been moved from Venna Zoo to spanish safaripark Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno 2008-01-01 - Vienna, Austria - Articular cartilage in the knee joint of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana, Blumenbach 1797. 2007-08-20 - Vienna, Austria - 2007 Annual meeting for International Committee for museums and collections of natural history 2007-08-05 - Vienna, Austria - 8th International Conference on Environmental Enrichment 2007-06-18 - Vienna, Austria - Loxodonta africana - African elephant 2007-06-01 - Vienna, Austria - Call repertoire of infant African elephants: first insights into the early vocal ontogeny. 2007-03-27 - Vienna, Austria - Renaut bodies in nerves of the trunk of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana. 2006-12-20 - Vienna, Austria - The structure of the cushions in the feet of African elephants (Loxodonta africana). 2006-11-23 - Vienna, Austria - The structure of the cushions in the feet of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) 2006-11-15 - Vienna, Austria - Stone Age Neanderthals Twins Discovered Buried Under Mammoths Shoulder Blade 2006-07-21 - Vienna, Austria - Vienna: elephant bull Abu and mother Sabi to Halle Zoo in Germany 2005-02-21 - Vienna, Austria - Viennese elephant house in mourning after casualty 2005-02-20 - Vienna, Austria - Elephant bull Abu impales Zookeeper Gerd Kohl in Vienna Zoo 2005-02-13 - Vienna, Austria - Elephant Jumbo in Vienna Zoo dead

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A number of articles now also have a cross reference to the elephant database, either for individuals elephants and/or to an article about the location holding

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Future elephant conferences, courses, events, jobs, films and workshops2021-11-15 until 2021-11-21 Webinar in Azle: 17th International Elephant Conservation and Research Symposium
webinar

17th International Elephant Conservation and Research Symposium

2021-11-15 - Azle, United States.

It is with great disappointment that due to the continuing ongoing pandemic we will not be able to meet in person for this year’s International Elephant Conservation and Research Symposium. BUT we a...


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birth
Photo taken on Oct. 20, 2021 shows a newborn Asian elephant calf and his mother Yaming in Kunming Zoo, southwest China

Yunnan, China: Kunming Zoo welcomes a newborn Asian elephant calf

2021-10-21 - Kunming, China.

Yaming, an Asian elephant in the zoo, gave birth to a male Asian elephant calf on Oct. 15, 2021. The new member is in good health and in the period of immune isolation and protection with his mother, ...


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Extern Link Read about Unnamed in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Kunming Zoo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
website

Elephant Glossary and Encyclopedia is renovated!

2021-10-18 - Banlung, Cambodia. Dan Koehl

The Elephant Glossary, started back in 1995, has been repaired, recovered and developed, now with almost 200 terms. They can all be viewed by Alphabetical order, or by Category, and the numbers of ch...


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conservation

Keonjhar sees rising elephant deaths

2021-10-08 - Bubaneshwar, India.

Elephants death toll has risen in Keonjhar forest division over the last one year. Sources revealed that when Santosh Joshi was the DFO from 2017 to 2020, 24 elephants had died in Keonjhar forest di...


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welfare
Elephants at BEC were found to be just "skin and bones" after the coronavirus pandemic forced the park to close

"Just skin and bones": Bali elephants left to starve

2021-10-07 - Petang, Indonesia. Al Jazeera Staff

Bali Elephant Camp (BEC), a safari-style park, north of Ubud, Indonesia, left more than a dozen elephants to starve, and staff without pay after plummeting ticket sales forced it to close when COVID-1...


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Extern Link Read about Bali Elephant Camp (BEC) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
conflict

COPA presents its Second Report containing information on 16 investigations to parliament

2021-10-06 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

The Second Report of the Committee on Public Accounts (COPA) for the First Session of the Ninth Parliament was presented to Parliament today (06) by its chairman, (Prof). Tissa Vitharana, Parliament C...


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Extern relevant Links (external link which opens in new window):
Facts about elephants in Sri Lanka
blog

Is there any risks when Zoos have Facebook pages?

2021-10-03 - Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Dan Koehl

Lately, I have noticed that Zoos Facebook Pages slowly more and more are taking over Zoos educational role. The latest example is about the elephant Mala in Parc Paradisio. Mala has colic, and hundred...


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Extern Link Read about Mala in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
death
Gange attracted elephants during khedda operations. Credit: DH File Photo

Elephant dies at Sakrebailu camp

2021-09-27 - Shivamogga, India. DHNS, Shivamogga

Gange, a female elephant used for khedda operations, died at the Sakrebailu camp in the district on Sunday. "The elephant was not well for the past two years. The condition worsened fifteen days ago. ...


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Extern Link Read about Gange in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Sakrebyle elephant camp (Sacrebyle, Sakrebail) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
relocation

10,000-pound elephant calls Attapulgus home as it moves into South Georgia refuge

2021-09-23 - Attapulgus, United States.

It’s a big day for South Georgia. Bo, a 10,000-pound elephant moved into his new home thanks to Elephant Aid International and George Carden, the person giving Bo a new life. He's the owner of Georg...


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Extern Link Read about Bo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Elephant Refuge North America (ERNA) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
relocation

NEW ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM IN WINSTON

2021-09-16 - Winston, United Kingdom. Brooke Communications

43-year old African elephant Butch, who is over ten-foot-tall, is the newest animal to call the game park in Winston home. Marketing Director Jacob Schlueter said Butch came from another facility wher...


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Extern Link Read about Butch (Mickey) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Winston Wildlife Safari in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
zoo
Ishini Wickremesinghe is the daughter of Shan Wickramasinghe, the brother of former Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe

Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens DG resigned over elephant issue: Union

2021-09-09 - Colombo, Sri Lanka. Pamodi Waravita and Ruwani Fonseka

The Sri Lanka Podujana National Zoological Gardens Department Workers’ Union yesterday (9) claimed that National Zoological Gardens Department Director General (DG) Ishini Wickremesinghe has resigne...


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Extern Link Read about Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)

Extern relevant Links (external link which opens in new window):
Ishini Wickremesinghe resigns as National Zoo DG
relocation

South Georgia elephant sanctuary welcomes first resident

2021-09-09 - Attapulgus, United States.

Elephant Refuge North America, an 850-acre natural habitat located in Attapulgus, Georgia, plans to accept its first resident later this month. Bo, a 34-year-old male elephant, is being released by th...


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Extern Link Read about Bo (Joe, Kalanan) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about George Carden Circus International in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)

Extern relevant Links (external link which opens in new window):
Elephant Refuge North America (ERNA, Carol Buckley)
birth

Twin elephant calves born at Pinnawala

2021-08-31 - Kegalle, Sri Lanka.

For the first time in Sri Lanka's history, twin baby elephants have been born at the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage. The twin calves were born to female elephant named 'Surangi'. Both calves are male. T...


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Extern Link Read about Surangie (Suranganee) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Pinnawala elephant orphanage in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
welfare
A Sri Lankan Buddhist monk anoints a temple elephant as a part ritual marking the New Year as per traditions at a temple in Colombo on April 17, 2021.

Sri Lanka prohibits handlers from drunk driving on elephants, bans putting baby elephants to work

2021-08-23 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Under the new regulations, logging elephants can only work up to four hours a day, while working at night is forbidden. They are also entitled to at least two-and-a-half hours of bathing time each day...


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conservation

Adult tuskers fast disappearing in Odisha: Male elephants account for 18% of total population

2021-08-14 - Bhubaneswar, India.

With the large scale poaching of tuskers over the years, the gender imbalance is fast emerging as a major threat to the elephant population growth in Odisha with the drastic drop in the numbers of adu...


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medical

‘We are hopeful’: Cora the elephant’s health is improving after end-of-life options considered

2021-08-13 - Topeka, United States.

Cora the elephant is improving after concerns over her health had the Topeka Zoo considering end-of-life options. Shanna Simpson, an animal curator at the zoo, said Cora wasn’t eating, had a lot of ...


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Extern Link Read about Cora in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Topeka Zoo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
conflict

Human-elephant conflict continues to take heavy toll; 219 jumbos and 89 people so far this year

2021-08-12 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

The Department of Wildlife Conservation has recorded 219 jumbo deaths up to August 11 this year mainly from human-elephant conflict. During the same period, 89 people were killed in elephant attacks. ...


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medical

Another jumbo dies of anthrax in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve?

2021-08-12 - COIMBATORE, India.

An elephant, which was found dead at Mangalapatti near Thengumaradha in Nilgiris district.on Tuesday, may have died of anthrax, according to the forest department.


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conservation

Scientific approach, local involvement must for conservation: Minister

2021-08-12 - New Delhi, India.

Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Bhupender Yadav on Thursday said that nature conservation should be taken up with a scientific approach involving the local commun...


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Facts about elephants in India
event

Hyderabad: Elephant from Kolhapur to carry Bibi ka Alam

2021-08-12 - Hyderabad, India.

An elephant, Madhuri aged 38 years from Kolhapur will be used to carry the Bibi ka Alam standard during the procession on the 10 of Muharram month scheduled next Friday. The costs involved in bringing...


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Extern Link Read about Madhuri in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Swastishri Jinsen Bhattarak Pattachary Mahaswamy in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)


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