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General Information about 1998:About 1998 from Wikipedia
accident

Zookeeper Leslie Mackie attacked by elephant Cita in Indianapolis Zoo

1998-11-08 - Indianapolis, United States.

A 29-year-old female elephant, Cita, bludgeoned a zookeeper with her trunk, breaking the woman's ribs. Leslie Mackie was bathing four elephants at the Indianapolis Zoo when Cita, who had been aggressive toward other elephants, raised her head in a threatening manner toward another one of the animals. When Ms. Mackie told Cita, "No," the animal turned and struck the woman several times with her trunk, Ms Mackie lost consciousness briefly, and when she came to she called for help to other keepers.


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welfare

Elephant trainer admits mistakes in cruelty case - Ruling due in South African custody suit

1998-11-06 - BRITS, South Africa.

Accused of cruelty to the 30 young elephants he owns, Riccardo Ghiazza insists the animals are in good condition. But the South African trainer acknowledges that mistakes have been made while domesticating them for future homes in zoos and safari parks. Ghiazza, owner of African Game Services, an animal export farm near Pretoria, summoned reporters to the training facility on Wednesday to tell his side of a story that has ignited an international outcry.


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abstract

Manual collection and characterization of semen from Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).

1998-10-01 - Springfield, United States. Schmitt DL, Hildebrandt TB., Southwest Missouri State University

The implications of collecting semen from elephants for use in artificial insemination programs are profound in the context of propagating captive elephants. Using a manual manipulation technique, semen was collected and characterized from five adult Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) and ejaculate fluid was obtained from one castrated elephant bull. The penis was stimulated to protrusion and erection by rectal massage of the pelvic portion of the urethra. During an ejaculatory response, massage ...


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circus
Dr. Richard "Doc" Houck, veterinarian for Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus

Dr. Richard "Doc" Houck, veterinarian for Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus, retired in Iowa.

1998-05-01 - Iowa, United States. Phyllis Peters, Veterinary Medicine

His mother was in labor for more than two days, but Doc was up and standing within eight minutes of his birth. The 250- pound baby Asian elephant was born in Florida in June 1997 and named in honor of the ISU alumnus who contributed to his birth.

Dr. Richard "Doc" Houck, who earned his DVM from ISU 40 years before his namesake's birth, developed the elephant breeding program for the owner of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus. Ringling Brothers owns the largest colle...


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circus

Ringling circus charged in young elephant"s death

1998-04-22 - Washington, United States. CNN

Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus forced a sick elephant to perform in two shows, leading to its death, the U.S. Department of Agriculture says.

The agency filed a legal complaint against the circus, charging it with violating the Animal Welfare Act. The complaint says the circus failed to properly look after Kenny, a 3-year-old Asian elephant, when he performed twice in Jacksonville in January.


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evolution
Motty at Chester Zoo 1978

Motty the elephant crossbreed. Loxodonta africana x Elephas maximus

1998-01-17 - Chester, United Kingdom. Derek Lyon

when the Asian elephant cow "Sheba" in Chester Zoo, England, 1978 gave birth to a calf with an African elephant bull" Jumbolino" as father the scientists became puzzled. The staff had observed several matings between the elephants, but since a cross was impossible, noone expected a delivery. This sensational elephant died two weeks after the birth. It was an early birth and Motty had stomach problems.


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6 Headlines about Elephants from 19981998-11-08 - Indianapolis, United States - Zookeeper Leslie Mackie attacked by elephant Cita in Indianapolis Zoo 1998-11-06 - BRITS, South Africa - Elephant trainer admits mistakes in cruelty case - Ruling due in South African custody suit 1998-10-01 - Springfield, United States - Manual collection and characterization of semen from Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). 1998-05-01 - Iowa, United States - Dr. Richard "Doc" Houck, veterinarian for Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus, retired in Iowa. 1998-04-22 - Washington, United States - Ringling circus charged in young elephant"s death 1998-01-17 - Chester, United Kingdom - Motty the elephant crossbreed. Loxodonta africana x Elephas maximus


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