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Source & © Shoshani J, Walter RC, Abraha M, Berhe S, University of Asmara
The teeth of the newly described Eritreum melakeghebrekristosi are a tip-off to its position as a missing link in the elephant family tree. Photo courtesy of the University of Michigan.

A proboscidean from the late Oligocene of Eritrea, a "missing link" between early Elephantiformes and Elephantimorpha, and biogeographic implications.

2006-11-03 - Asmara, Eritrea

We report on a late Oligocene proboscidean species from Eritrea, dated to 26.8 +/- 1.5 Mya. This "missing link" between early elephantiformes and Elephantimorpha is the oldest known nongomphothere proboscidean to probably display horizontal tooth displacement, typical of elephants. Together with the newly discovered late Oligocene gomphotheres from Chilga, Ethiopia, the Eritrean taxon points to the importance of East Africa as a major area for the knowledge of the early evolution of Elephantimor...



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Source & © Shoshani J, Kupsky WJ, Marchant GH. Department of Biology, University of Asmara

Elephant brain Part I: Gross morphology, functions, comparative anatomy, and evolution.

2006-04-18 - Asmara, Eritrea

We report morphological data on brains of four African, Loxodonta africana, and three Asian elephants, Elephas maximus, and compare findings to literature. Brains exhibit a gyral pattern more complex and with more numerous gyri than in primates, humans included, and in carnivores, but less complex than in cetaceans.



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2 Headlines about Elephants from Eritrea2006-11-03 - Asmara, Eritrea - A proboscidean from the late Oligocene of Eritrea, a "missing link" between early Elephantiformes and Elephantimorpha, and biogeographic implications. 2006-04-18 - Asmara, Eritrea - Elephant brain Part I: Gross morphology, functions, comparative anatomy, and evolution.


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Eritrea

2006-11-03-Asmara
A proboscidean from the late Oligocene of Eritrea, a "missing link" between early Elephantiformes and Elephantimorpha, and biogeographic implications.
2006-04-18-Asmara
Elephant brain Part I: Gross morphology, functions, comparative anatomy, and evolution.